The Kingdom of bhutan is a landlocked state in Southern Asia located at the Eastern end of the Himalayas. It is bordered to the north by China and to the south, east by India and to the west by the Indian state of Sikkim, Bhutans capital and largest city is Thimpu.
Bhutan’s landscape ranges from subtropical plains in the south to the sub-alpine Himalayan heights in the north, where some peaks exceed 7,000 metres (23,000 ft). Its total area was reported as approximately 46,500 km2 (18,000 sq mi) in 1997
Bhutan has a rich primate life with rare species such as the Golden langur, Recently, a variant Assamese macaque, which is also regarded by some authorities as a new species, Macaca munzala has also been recorded.
The Bengal Tigar, Greater one horned Rhinoceros, clouded leopard, hispid hare and the sloth bear live in the lush tropical lowland and hardwood forests in the south. In the temperate zone, grey langur, tiger, Indian leopard, goral and serow are found in mixed conifer, broadleaf and pine forests. Fruit bearing trees and bamboo provide habitat for the Himalayan black bear, red panda, Flying squirrel, sambar, wild pig and barking deer. The alpine habitats of the great Himalayan range in the north are home to the snow leopard, blue sheep, marmot, Tibetan wolf, antelope, Himalayan musk deer and the takin, Bhutan’s national animal. The endangered Wild Water Buffalo occurs in southern Bhutan although in small numbers.
More than 770 species of bird have been recorded in the kingdom. The globally endangered White-winged Wood Duck has been added recently to the Bhutan’s bird list.
More than 5,400 species of plants are known to occur throughout the kingdom